Beautiful old Chamba iron currency
The beautiful Chamba iron currency comes from Nigeria where Approximatly 20,000 Chamba live close to the south of the river Benue, near the Junkin people, divided between Cameroon and Nigeria. Their economy is based on the culture of the maize. Socially they are divided into small kingdoms, each of which is ruled by a king supported by an elders advice, whos’s powers are regulated by secret companies of men and women.
The Chamba use a type of mask that symbolizes the spirit of the shrub. Characterized by a round head, flat and opened mouth and two long curved horns. It is in use in the funeral rituals, of circumcision and enthronement. The figures Chamba are rare and scanty, and his function, to date of today, unknown. They are in the habit of being covered of an incrusted patina. Another type of figures Fluke is thought they might be a way of communication with the spirit of the world. Small figures were used to protect an individual of the sting serpent, for what they were tied to the irons in the shape of a lance, and used to hunt.
Small Metal Currency Forms were among the first true currency known in West Africa, being used for Bride Price, payment of fines, compensation of Diviners, and for the needs of the Next World as Burial Money. Cowrie shells were used for small purchases. In regions outside coastal west Africa and the Niger River, other variety of other currencies, such as bracelets, anklets and torques of complex design, iron units often derived from tools and weapons, copper rods, themselves often bent into bracelets, and the well-known Handa (Katanga cross) all served as special-purpose monies to trade and store wealth, as well as exhibiting the owner’s wealth, prestige and power.
Large and Complex Metal Currency Objects used in traditional Africa cultures were used to trade and store wealth. These pieces might be used for major purchases (of land or animals) or to signify a transfer of wealth at major events, such as Birth, Coming of Age, Marriage, or Death. The most frequent use was as Bridewealth, to compensate a family for the loss of a daughter.